The historical geography of Europe is a field of science that studies the changes in the geographical space of Europe over the course of history.

Roman Forum

Roman Forum

The Roman Forum is a historic area in the center of Rome, Italy that served as the center of city life in ancient Rome. It was the heart of political, religious and social activity for many centuries. The center of ancient Rome Roman Forum was a place for a variety of social activities including political …

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Black Sea

Black Sea

The Black Sea is an inland sea located between southern Europe and the Caucasus. It surrounds the shores of several countries, including Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia and Georgia. The Black Sea has long attracted peoples from all over the world, who willingly settled on its shores. But the attitude towards it throughout history has …

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Edinburgh Scotland

Edinburgh (Scotland)

Edinburgh, as it is commonly believed, stands on hills, the magic number of which – seven – implies that for this city the capital’s destiny was predestined. Edinburgh’s history Excavations and other studies have established that the first people on the site of present-day Edinburgh appeared in the Iron and Bronze Ages (1000 BC). In …

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Bucharest Romania

Bucharest (Romania)

Capital of Romania Bucharest is the capital of Romania and one of the largest cities in the country. The city is located in the southern part of Romania, on the Dimbovica River. Bucharest is the cultural, economic and political center of the country. It is home to many historical and cultural monuments, museums, parks and …

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English Channel

English Channel

The English Channel is the narrow and best known strait that separates the southern coast of Great Britain from the northern coast of France. The strait is about 560 kilometers long and its width varies from 34 kilometers at its widest point to 240 kilometers at its northern end. This strait connects the North Sea …

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Elbe River

Elbe River

Despite the fact that the Greek geographer and historian Strabo in 18 AD called the river in the center of Europe by the Old Scandinavian word “Elfr” (river), modern scientists doubt that the name Elbe has Scandinavian roots. If only because it does not flow into the Baltic Sea and has no outlet to Scandinavia. …

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Vistula River

Vistula River

The long and eventful life of the Vistula River began at the very beginning of the modern stage of the Earth’s history (the geological Quaternary Period, or Anthropogenic Period), when the climate cooled markedly. Over the last two million years, glaciation has covered the territory of present-day Poland eight times. Glaciers slid down from Scandinavia, …

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Alps (mountains)

The Alps are a large mountain range stretching across the southern part of Central Europe. They stretch across eight countries: France, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany and Slovenia. The Alps mountains are known for their stunning nature, including high peaks, snow-capped peaks, beautiful valleys, lakes and rich flora and fauna. The Alps are a …

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Dnieper River

Dnieper River

The Dnieper River is one of the largest and most important rivers in Europe. It flows through Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine and is about 2,290 kilometers long, making it the third-longest river in Europe after the Volga and Danube. History Even in ancient times, long before it became part of the famous route “from the …

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London United Kingdom

London (United Kingdom)

The capital of the United Kingdom London, the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is located in the south-eastern part of England, on both banks of the Thames River, 80 km from its confluence with the North Sea. It stands directly on the zero meridian, or, as it is called, …

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