Antarctica is the southernmost continent on Earth, and historically Antarctica’s geography is not rich in history, but there are some interesting facts.


South Pole

The South Pole is one of the most attractive places for astronomical research due to its location at the South Pole, low humidity and atmospheric transparency of the air. The photo shows the American Amundsen-Scott science station. Standing apart from the main building are the astronomical complexes: the South Pole Telescope (SPT) and the Martin …

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Antarctic Peninsula

The Antarctic Peninsula is the area north of Antarctica that is the warmest and most populated part of the continent. It extends north from the South Pole and covers an area of about 1 million square kilometers. The Antarctic Peninsula is known for its unique nature, which includes icy mountains, deep fjords, and islands covered …

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Southern Ocean

Southern Ocean

Unlike its fellow penguins, the Antarctic penguin prefers to use giant icebergs for travel rather than travel long distances on foot on land. The Southern Ocean is located on the southern hemisphere of the Earth and surrounds Antarctica. It washes the shores of South America, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. The Southern Ocean is …

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Weddell Sea

Weddell Sea

The harsh, ice-clogged Weddell Sea appears in the stories of sailors and even the staff of Antarctic research stations as a water area of mysteries, sometimes of the most mystical nature. The entire planet depends on climatic conditions in Antarctica, and the Weddell Sea in particular. As the ice shelves are melting intensively, the water …

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Erebus Volcano

Mount Erebus

As the sailing ships Erebus and Terror approached the solid strip of ice, the members of the expedition saw a tall white cone far to the south, over which clouds of smoke were rising. Captain James Ross was sure he had found Antarctica, but it was still only a volcanic island. Antarctica’s southernmost and most …

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