South America

The historical geography of South America has a rich variety of geographic, cultural features and has different types of flora and fauna.


Brasilia (Brazil)

Geography Brasilia is the capital of Brazil, located in the central part of the country. The city was specially built in 1956 to replace Rio de Janeiro as the capital of Brazil. Brasilia was designed by legendary architect Oscar Niemeyer and urbanist Lucio Costa. The city has a unique design, with major government and institutional …

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Altiplano (Andes)

Altiplano (Andes)

The Altiplano is a depression between the powerful mountain ranges of the Western Cordillera and the Eastern Cordillera of the Central Andes in the west of the South American continent, a vast mountain plateau located in the states of Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. It extends in an elongated long strip with a slight gradual …

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Lake Maracaibo

Lake Maracaibo

South America’s largest lake Lake Maracaibo is a huge lake in western Venezuela, near the border with Colombia. It is the largest lake in the continent of South America and the fourth largest lake in the world among inland lakes. Lake Maracaibo is very important to Venezuela, as the country’s largest oil refinery complex and …

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Andes (Mountain Range)

The Longest Mountain System The Andes, Andean Mountains or Andean Mountain Range is a mountain system in South America that stretches 7,000 kilometers across 7 countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. It is one of the highest mountain systems in the world, with a maximum elevation of 6,962 meters above sea level …

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Amazon River

Amazon River

South America’s Longest River The Amazon River is one of the largest rivers in the world, located in South America. It is about 6,400 km long and flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The Amazon passes through several countries, including Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela. It is a vital source of fresh water and …

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Paraná River

Paraná River

South American River The Parana is the second largest river in South America after the Amazon. Adjusting for the difficulties of translation, if we take the names given by the indigenous peoples of Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina to the Parana River (this is the accent on the name pronounced in Spanish and Portuguese), their meanings …

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