The historical geography of Africa is saturated with a variety of climates, geographic features, and cultures, and has been home to many civilizations.


Zambezi River

The Zambezi is a river in South Africa, one of the continent’s largest rivers. The Zambezi is about 2,700 kilometers long and flows through six countries: Zambia, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique. The Zambezi is one of the most famous rivers in the world because of the Victorian Falls, which are located on the …

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Atlas Mountains

Atlas Mountains

History The ancient Greek legends and poems of Homer (between the twelfth and seventh centuries B.C.) tell the story of the great titan Atlas. He was believed to live in the far west, which the Greeks at the time might have thought to be the African coast, and to have great strength – enough to …

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Congo River

Congo River

The Congo River, Africa’s second longest river, was called the Zaire River from 1971 to 1997. The banks of the river, almost all of its length overgrown with equatorial forests, remained for centuries an unexplored territory for Europeans. Mouth of the Congo The mouth of the Congo River was discovered in 1482 by the Portuguese …

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